Even though there have been many documented cases of COVID-19 detected in pregnant women, there’s a lot that remains unknown about how exactly dangerous a COVID diagnosis can be when you are pregnant. While some pregnant women experience milder infections, some end up getting hospitalized. Vertical transmission and delayed recovery can be possible as well and there’s a lot of research that is being done. However, new studies are now highlighting just how more risky COVID-19 could be, and for some pregnant women, present no symptoms.
A compilation analysis of 77 studies detailing pregnancy and COVID-19 risk has evidently proven that in many of the cases, which required hospitalization, patients had little to no symptoms. The study also found that pregnant women had a higher risk of being admitted to intensive care in the hospital than non-pregnant women.
Being asymptomatic or showing no symptoms could also delay diagnosis and make them more capable of spreading the disease, silently.
An analysis of 77 studies, conducted globally has been published in the British Medical Journal, wherein 11, 432 women admitted to the hospital suspected of being COVID+ were studied.
While it has long been speculated that the infection risk during pregnancy can be mild or moderate, and mainly persist in the upper respiratory tract, COVID-19, just like other flu viruses could compromise the mom-to-be’s immune system and require intensive care. 4 in 100 patients required ICU admission, as per studies.
They were also less likely to report typical infection symptoms, such as fever, cough or headache, compared to women of the same reproductive age. Strangely,
women, as compared to men, fell fewer and less severe symptoms of COVID-19 but the same hasn’t been observed in pregnant patients.
A study researcher Shakila Thangaratinam, from the University of Birmingham, also said that the symptoms are much more likely to develop after a while as the women, such as in the study group did not necessarily present the symptoms in the first go. Surprisingly, the same trend has been observed in children, who experts now say can have COVID causing virus in their noses and
spread it for up to three weeks time.
While doctors do suggest that the findings suggest a low-risk, it still should be considered, as they are at a higher risk than other women. The mortality rate, with the new virus, still remains to be on the lower side in pregnant women as compared to past outbreaks like SARS and MERSA. Only 73 women in the collated study died after suffering from COVID complications.
The study also found that the women in the first and third trimester carried ” minor” infection risks for babies in the womb. There weren’t many cases of neonatal death or stillbirths.
Just last week,
a pregnant woman from Mumbai became the first documented case of having suffered a miscarriage due to COVID-19 at eight weeks. Globally, there have been fewer reports of high mortality rates in newborns. Many pregnant women have gone on to deliver healthy babies and make good recoveries as well.
Concluding the study, the doctors also suggest that like for the rest of the population, a lot of other pre-existing health conditions (including age, weight, other vital parameters) could contribute to severe COVID diagnosis. Testing and lags in hospital admission could also add to the risk.
“Although 17% of women delivered before 37 weeks – which is considered a preterm birth – only 6% actually went into labour preterm and delivered, which makes us think that could be other factors at play … such as hospital policies.”
.(tagsToTranslate)Vertically transmitted infection(t)The British Medical Journal(t)Preterm birth(t)pregnancy covid-19(t)pregnancy coronavirus risk(t)pregnancy coronavirus(t)pregnancy birth(t)asymptomatic coronavirus